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BRAZIL INTRODUCTION & ECO TOURISM

Alter Chao
Bordered by river beaches and clear waters all year round, Alter do Chão, an ancient fishing village is thirty-five kilometres from the city centre.
Founded in 1661 – Alter do Chão was the territory of the Boraris Indians who left behind them a five-day ritual: the Sairé festival which takes place each July. A native celebration which has incorporated the religious symbols of the Jesuit fathers in native dances and chants.

Manaus
Situated on the banks of the Negro river, Manaus is an important centre for ecological tourism. In the early years of the 20th century Manaus became very wealthy and the most important cultural centre in the Northern Region of Brazil. The old rubber barons dreamed of transforming it into a European style city and called it “the Paris of the Tropics”. The architecture of the ” Opera House” and Municipal Market” is an example of the luxury of a bygone era. Manaus is the starting point for trips into the Amazon forest.

Amazon Forest
The Amazon Forest is one of the planet’s greatest temples of Biodiversity. A mysterious jungle that shelters an incalculable and splendorous natural richness. The dense forest is composed by large species of trees, often higher than 50m. It is among this environment that lives one of the most diversified fauna. In the far north of the State of Mato Grosso, the Tele Pires and Jurena rivers give birth to the amazing Tapajós River. Alta Floresta, Aripuanã, and Feliz Natal in the Xingú Indian Reserve, are cities with an infrastructure for the Eco-tourism. Jungle Hotels have been built on the border of virginal rivers and wonderful waterfalls to ensure a complete fusion with the Amazon Forest.

Araguaia
The Araguaia River, with its length of 2,115km produces the most paradisiacal complex of fluvial beaches in the world. The Bananal Island is the world’s largest fluvial island. Within its borders was created the Araguaia National Park, where some Indian tribes like Txucarramãe, Tapirapé, and
Carajás are still settled.

Belém
The city of Belém, capital of Pará, is surrounded by fifty five islets, most of which are wild and uninhabited. Known as the “city of the mango trees” Belém’s historic buildings reflect cultural traces of the 17th century. Visit the City Market for meat and the Iron Market for fish. Tied up at the quay are picturesque fishing boats and canoes that unload a variety of products each day, from indigenous ceramic articles to herbs and aromatic roots from Amazonia.

Chapada Dos Guimaraes
Cerrado is one of the most beautiful and mystical ecosystems in Brazil, and it is also one of the world’s richest and most diversified medicinal plant stock.

Cuiaba
A remarkable city, Cuiabá is one of the entry ports for the Pantanal, (marshlands). The roads lead you to Porto Jofre or Poconé and Águas Quentes, famous for its thermal hot springs with temperatures between 32 and 42 ºC.

Ilha de Marajo
Surrounded by fresh and salt water – from the Rivers Amazon and Tocantins and the Atlantic Ocean is the island of Marajó, separated from Belém by the River Tocantins, which is the largest river island in the world.

Pantanal
The vast Mato Grosso’s Pantanal is the largest flood plain of the world, controlled by the cyclic seasons of the waters. This phenomenon repeated at millions of years transformed the Swampland in the largest humid surface of the planet.

Santarém

Santarém is the second city in the state of Pará and one of the region’s most beautiful cities, situated at the confluence of the Rivers Tapajós and Amazon.

Bonito
Situated 260 kilometres from Campo Grande, capital of the state of Mato Grosso do Sul, the town of Bonito and its surrounding region has countless grottoes, caves, springs, natural aquaria, waterfalls, lakes and archaeological sites. Mamirauá Sustainable Reserve The Mamirauá Sustainable Development Reserve is the largest Brazilian Protected area (1.124.000 ha) devoted to the conservation of flooded forests, an ecosystem which
holds much biodiversity and many rare species. It was the first Brazilian conservation unit to give people a major share of responsibility for the management of its natural resources.

Golden Lion Tamarin Conservation Project
Poço das Antas Biological Reserve
One of the best-known rainforest conservation efforts in Brazil, the Golden Lion Tamarin Conservation Project (GLTCP), is 2 hours drive from Rio de Janeiro. The Golden Lion Tamarin (Leontopithecus rosalia), a strikingly beautiful squirrel-sized primate, that exists only in the lowland Atlantic Rainforest of the state of Rio de Janeiro,is one of the most endangered primate species on earth.

All of the approximately 1000 remaining wild individuals are found in the Poço das Antas Biological Reserve and the surrounding private land.

Foz de Iguaçu
In the western side of Parana, 390 miles from Curitiba, lies the remarkable ” Iguassu nal Park”. The most impressive feature of this reserve is its famous waterfalls. There are 275, some as high as 260 feet, and they extend for a distance of 1/2 miles. There are the cataracts of the Iguacu, meaning “Great Waters”. This falls straddle the border between Brazil and Argentina.

BRAZIL
Suggested Itinerary
Sao Paulo
Day 01 Sao Paulo
Meet on arrival at the airport. Private transfer to your hotel. Rest of the day at leisure
Day 02 Sao PaulO

City tour (04 hours)
Pass the residential area of Higienópolis with its modern apartment-buildings, the Pacaembu soccer stadium, the medicine school, the Hospital das Clinicas, the university campus with its various departments. A stop will be made at the Butantan snake farm, a world known institution where snakes are kept for poison extraction, which later is used as antidote against snake bites and tropical disease. A stop for the photo lovers will be made at the top of Morumbi hill, a panoramic view of the upper part of the city can be seen. At the Morumbi area, you will visit (the outside only) of the state government Palace Morumbi, and soccer stadium of São Paulo, as well as the residential area of Europe Garden.

Rio De Janeiro
Day 03 to 06 Rio de Janeiro
Private transfer to the airport for your flight to Rio De Janeiro. On arrival transfer to the hotel for 4 nights
During your stay you will have two half day tours:
The Sugar Loaf Tour (04 hours)
Downtown Rio, passing by the Sambodrome, the Metropolitan Cathedral. Continue with a visit to the traditional Cinelândia square with the historical buildings, the Municipal Theater, the National Library and the National Museum of Fine Arts. Continue to the neighborhood of Urca where it is located one of the largest symbols of the city: the Sugar Loaf. The visit is made in two steps by cable car. The first cable car takes you to Urca Hill which is 215 meters high and from where one can have a beautiful view from the Guanabara Bay and its islands, the Rio-Niterói bridge and Corcovado hill.
A second cable car will be taken up to the top with 395 meters to find a splendid view from Copacabana beach, the Santa Cruz fortress and some beaches of Niterói.

The Corcovado (04 hours)
From any place of the city, you can see the most beautiful postcard of Rio de Janeiro: Christ the Redeemer statue in the mountain of Corcovado, located at 710 meters above the sea level and inaugurated in 1931. Your tour begins in Cosme Velho’s, from where the cog train starts a trip through the Tijuca Forest, the largest urban forest in the world, up to the statue. Enjoy a panoramic and extraordinary view of Rio with the Sugar Loaf, the Guanabara Bay, the beaches of Southern Zone and the Rodrigo de Freitas lagoon. After the visit of the Corcovado, the tour will continue to São Conrado area with a brief stop at Pepino beach.

Iguaçu
Day 07 & 08 Iguaçu
Private transfer to the airport for your flight to Iguaçu where you will spend two nights. During your stay you will visit Iguaçu Falls from the Brazilian and the Argentinean side.

The Amazon Forest
Day 09 & 10 The Amazonian
Private transfer to the airport for your flight to where you will spend two nights at The Amazon EcoPark Lodge. The lodge is located in the heart of the Amazon Forest, 60kms from Manaus It is an eco-tourism destination as well as a scientific and educational property. Several streams of clear water run through the area. Over 6 miles of jungle trails including un-catalogued species, natural savannahs and creeks enable clients to explore the jungle, observe orchids and giant trees.

Activities: Jungle treks, visit the Monkey Forest, alligator observation , night safaris, visit a local native’s house and perhaps learn about rubber processing, canoe trips, piranha fishing, tour of the Meeting of the Waters, learn about jungle survival and medicinal plants.

Manaus
Day 11 Manaus
Transfer back to Manaus where you will spend a night City Tour: Depart for a 12 miles journey along the Ponta Negra following the Negro River into the city center. Visit the Municipal Market, built at the beginning of the century. Pass by the Government Palace, and take a view of the nearby creek with the typical houses on stilts (palafitas).

Continue to the Indian museum, where you will discover the different cultures of the local upper Rio Negro tribes. The highlight of the tour is of course the Amazon Opera House, the main symbol from the golden ages of the rubber boom, inaugurated in 1896. After the tour, transfer to the airport for your flight back

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