Imagine a striking landscape of graceful minarets set amidst ancient cities.
A living museum of breathtaking monuments, honeysuckle-covered temples and the weather-worn sculptures of four thousand years of history, an unspoiled world of golden beaches and emerald grasslands, where the sweet scent of pine forests rises above the roar of hidden waterfalls:
Welcome to Turkey !
What to see:
Istanbul: The city gateway between continents that sits astride the most historic water channel in the world. Istanbul, formerly Constantinople, has been host to three great empires: The Roman, Byzantine and Ottoman. Istanbul today, remains a city of sparkling domes and minarets, beautiful palaces and modern shopping malls.
Ankara:The capital of Turkey and situated in the historic grasslands of central Anatolia. The city dates back 3,500 years to the Hittite Empire and contains the magnificent mausoleum of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, the founder of the modern Republic of Turkey.
Alanya: Known as the “pearl of the Turkish Mediterranean”, Alanya is dominated by a massive Seljuk fortress from the 13th century.
Immaculate sandy beaches.
Bursa: One of the capitals of the Ottoman Empire, today a booming industrial city.
Iznik: The small city with an immense history, dating as far back as 1000 B.C.
Izmir: The birthplace of Homer and the world of classical literature.
Today Izmir is the main port in Western Turkey with palm-trees lining every boulevard, modern shopping centres and first class hotels.
Side: The ideal holiday resort. A small town of pretty buildings, sandy beaches and historical interest.
Perge: Located 15km (9 miles) east of Antalya, Perge boasts extensively early Hellenistic ruins including a well preserved Stadium.
Konya: Recognized as one of the world’s oldest cities, and the place where Mevlana, the mystic poet of the 13th century, founded the sect of the Whirling Dervishes.
Antalya: The Riviera of Turkey because of its spectacular location between the Taurus Mountains and the sparkling Mediterranean.
Cappadocia: A moonscape of rock carved cities and surrealistic shapes, where nature has scoured and sculpted the earth into cones and fretted ravines.
Ephesus: Considered to be finest classical city in Turkey.
Pamukkale: The site of ancient Hierapolis and famous for its invigorating spa where calcareous hot springs, falling tens of meters, have created spectacular white terraces and basins. It is a World Heritage.
Sardis: The capital city of the ancient Kingdom of the Lydians, where the minted coin was first invented at the end of 7th century B.C.
Pergamon: Perched upon a hill overlooking the Bergama Plain, this exquisite city was once the cultural centre of the Aegean during 200 B.C.
Miletus: By the 6th century B.C. this antique city had become one of the most powerful in the whole of Ionia, and was home to the famous philosophers Thales, Anaximander.
Didyma: The most famous of the sanctuaries to the God Apollo.
Troy: Homer’s Troy, and the site of King Priam’s Treasures.
Probably the most famous city of classical times