Located at the crossroads of Africa and the Middle East, with coastlines on the Red Sea and the Mediterranean.
The southern region of the country is known as “Upper Egypt”, as it holds the upper portion of the Nile River.
Egypt is 95% desert, with fertile areas only along the banks of the Nile and in the delta region to the north.
Population of 66 million – 17 million in Cairo alone – approximately 90% Muslim, 10% Christian.
National language is Arabic, with English and French widely spoken in major cities.
Egypt has year-round sun, and almost no rain except in Alexandria, which has a more Mediterranean climate than the
rest of the country. Daytime temperatures range from pleasantly warm in the winter to very hot in the summer. Northerly
cities such as Cairo and Alexandria are generally about 5ºC cooler than southerly areas such as Aswan and Abu Simbel.
Nights in the desert can be extremely cold.