The Historical Route
Ethiopia has a heritage dating back to the first century AD, in this period Ethiopia was a great Empire with Axum as its Capital. The Axumite civilization was trading with distant lands; Greece, Egypt, Rome, Arabia, Persia, India and Ceylon.
In the 4th century AD, Christianity was introduced in Ethiopia when the Ethiopian Orthodox Church was established. Lalibela is Ethiopia’s prime tourist attraction and is the site of eleven remarkable rock-hewn monolithic churches, believed to have been built by king Lalibela, in the late 12th. Axum, Ethiopia’s most ancient city and the site of many remarkable monolithic stone stelae or obelisks.
Gondar, which is referred by many as the Camelot of Africa. It has numerous medieval castle-like palaces. The ancient Walled City of Harar was for many centuries a major commercial center.
The Cultural Route
To the discerning traveler, the people of Ethiopia hold as big an attraction as the other natural and historical wonders. On the northern routes, you will be passing among the Amhara and the Tigre, and while visiting the Eastern routes you will be meeting the Haderes and the Argoba Oromo.
In the south you will meet the other Oromo clans, and an adventurous trip to the Danakil, will take you among the Afar people, who are renowned for their ferocity and xenophobia, and have been living in that inhospitable land for over two thousand years.
ADVENTURE AND ECO-TOURS
The Simien Mountains National Park
The culminates at 4,620m with the Ras Dejen the 4th highest peak on the Africancontinent.
What to do:
Climbing and trekking in the Simien Mountains, north of Gondar.
For the animals lovers, the national park is home to the Walia ibex, the Simien red fox, and the Gelada Baboon, all endemic to Ethiopia.
Bale Mountains National Park covers an high altitude plateau broken by numerous volcanic plugs and peaks, alpine lakes and mountain streams.
The vegetation varies from juniper forests to heather moorlands & alpine meadows.
What to do:
Mountain walking, biking, horse trekking, and bird watching is really rewarding; the Thick-billed Raven, Wattled Ibis, Blue-winged Goose, and Rouget’s Rail, to name few.
The Blue Nile Falls, known locally as Tis Issat or smoke of fire. The Blue Nile Gorge is situated 225 kms north of Addis Ababa. The majestic and enormous gorge is the most captivating gorge in Africa. Lake Tana, north of the Bahir Dar, where the Blue Nile starts its long journey to Khartoum, and on to the Mediterranean. The 37 mysterious islands scattered on the surface of the lake, give shelter to hidden churches and monasteries, while the lakeshore is the ideal place for birdwatchers.
What to do:
Rafting or fishing in Lake Tana and in one of the thousand rivers